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Journal of Software:2021.32(2):300-326

数据中心负载均衡方法研究综述
刘敬玲,黄家玮,蒋万春,王建新
(中南大学 计算机学院, 湖南 长沙 410083)
Survey on Load Balancing Mechanism in Data Center
LIU Jing-Ling,HUANG Jia-Wei,JIANG Wan-Chun,WANG Jian-Xin
(School of Computer Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
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Received:June 04, 2019    Revised:February 01, 2020
> 中文摘要: 随着云计算的发展,数据中心网络成为近年来学术界和工业界关注的研究热点.现代数据中心网络通常采用胖树等多根树拓扑结构,存在多条可用路径来提供高对分带宽.由于等价多路径路由等传统的负载均衡方法无法适应数据中心网络中高动态和强突发的流量特性,多种针对数据中心的负载均衡方法不断涌现.围绕数据中心中负载均衡的基本问题,介绍了当前国际国内的研究现状,包括基于中央控制器、基于交换机和基于主机的负载均衡方法,并展望了数据中心网络负载均衡的发展趋势.
Abstract:With the development of cloud computing, recently data center network has been a hot research topic in both academia and industry. Modern data center network is commonly organized in multi-rooted tree topology, such as fat-tree, with multiple available paths to provide high bisection bandwidth. Since the traditional load balancing scheme such as equal-cost multipath routing is not suitable for highly dynamic and bursty traffic in data center network, many load balancing mechanisms have been proposed. In this study, based on the fundamental research problems of load balancing in data center network, the international and domestic research progress of this area is introduced, including central controller-based, switch-based, and host-based load balancing schemes, and then the research trend of load balancing is prospected in data center network.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61872387,61572530,61972421);中南大学创新驱动计划(2020CX033);中南大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2020zzts142) 国家自然科学基金(61872387,61572530,61972421);中南大学创新驱动计划(2020CX033);中南大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2020zzts142)
Foundation items:National Natural Science Foundation of China (61872387, 61572530, 61972421); Innovation-driven Project of Central South University (2020CX033); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Central South University (2020zzts142)
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刘敬玲,黄家玮,蒋万春,王建新.数据中心负载均衡方法研究综述.软件学报,2021,32(2):300-326

LIU Jing-Ling,HUANG Jia-Wei,JIANG Wan-Chun,WANG Jian-Xin.Survey on Load Balancing Mechanism in Data Center.Journal of Software,2021,32(2):300-326