###
DOI:
Journal of Software:2009.20(2):256-270

基于客户程序度量包内聚性
周天琳,徐宝文,史 亮,周毓明
(东南大学 计算机科学与工程学院,江苏 南京 210096;东南大学 计算机科学与工程学院,江苏 南京 210096;南京大学 计算机软件新技术国家重点实验室,江苏 南京 210093;南京大学 计算机科学与技术系,江苏 南京 210093;微软中国研发集团,北京 100190)
Measuring Package Cohesion Based on Client Usages
ZHOU Tian-Lin,XU Bao-Wen,SHI Liang,ZHOU Yu-Ming
()
Abstract
Chart / table
Reference
Similar Articles
Article :Browse 4410   Download 4136
Received:February 27, 2008    Revised:April 16, 2008
> 中文摘要: 为了一致而高效地计算包内聚性,许多研究者提出了大量的包内聚性度量方法.然而,这些方法主要依赖于包内部的数据流关系,常导致度量结果与实际开发经验相悖.为了解决这一问题,首先以包的职责为基础将包划分为4类.然后,提出了共同重用内聚CRC,并根据包的分类框架讨论了CRC的适用性.CRC的核心思想是若多个类总被共同重用,则它们之间存在紧密耦合.最后,提出了度量CRC的海明内聚度HC.与现有方法相比,HC同时考虑了包内和包间的数据依赖.因而,该方法能够有效地反映包内部类间的语义关系.此外,HC利用包的使用模式提高了度量结果的可区分性.实验研究表明HC能够有效评估包的内聚程度.充分说明了作为HC基础的CRC具有较高的合理性.
中文关键词: 软件度量  内聚性  
Abstract:A number of package cohesion metrics have been proposed in the last decade, but they mainly converge on intra-package data dependencies between classes, which are inadequate to represent the semantics of packages in many cases. To address this problem, the authors first classify packages into four categories in terms of the kinds of their tasks. Next, a new package cohesion called CRC based on client usages is proposed by considering the fact that several classes are closely related if they are always reused together. And then the application areas of CRC in terms of the package classification framework are analyzed. Finally, a CRC measure called HC is presented. Compared to existing package cohesion metrics, HC considers not only intra-package but also inter-package data dependencies. It is hence able to reveal semantic relationships between classes. Furthermore, HC takes into account how the clients of a package use the package, thereby providing a finer-grain evaluation of the cohesion of a package. Experimental results demonstrates the effectiveness of HC, which likewise proves the feasibility of CRC.
文章编号:     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:Supported by the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China under Grant No.60425206 (国家杰出青年科学基金); the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.90818027, 60503033, 60633010 (国家自然科学基金); the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China under Grant No.BK2006094 (江苏省自然科学基金) Supported by the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China under Grant No.60425206 (国家杰出青年科学基金); the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.90818027, 60503033, 60633010 (国家自然科学基金); the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China under Grant No.BK2006094 (江苏省自然科学基金)
Foundation items:
Reference text:

周天琳,徐宝文,史 亮,周毓明.基于客户程序度量包内聚性.软件学报,2009,20(2):256-270

ZHOU Tian-Lin,XU Bao-Wen,SHI Liang,ZHOU Yu-Ming.Measuring Package Cohesion Based on Client Usages.Journal of Software,2009,20(2):256-270