Journal of Software:2018.29(4):914-925

(大连理工大学 软件学院, 辽宁 大连 116621)
Graph Based Neural Network Regression Strategy for Facial Image Super-Resolution
HUYAN Kang,FAN Xin,YU Le-Tian,LUO Zhong-Xuan
(School of Software, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116621, China)
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Received:April 28, 2017    Revised:June 26, 2017
> 中文摘要: 人脸超分辨率(super-resolution,简称SR)即将输入模糊的低分辨率(low-resolution,简称LR)人脸图像通过一系列算法处理得到较为清晰的高分辨率(high-resolution,简称HR)人脸图像的过程.相比自然图像,不同人脸图像的相同位置通常具有相似的结构.针对人脸图像的局部结构一致性特点,提出一种新的基于图结构的人脸超分辨率神经网络回归方法.将输入低分辨率图像表示为图结构,进而为图结构中每一个节点的局部表示训练一个浅层神经网络进行超分辨率回归.与基于规则矩形网格的方法相比,图结构在描述一个像素的局部信息时,不仅考虑到图像坐标的相关性,同时也关注了纹理的相似性,能够更好地表达图像局部特征.训练过程中,利用已收敛的相邻节点的神经网络参数初始化当前节点的神经网络参数,不仅加快了神经网络的收敛速度,而且提高了预测精度.与包括深度卷积神经网络在内的基于学习的超分辨率最新算法比较,实验结果表明,所提算法取得了更高的准确率.提出的图神经网络(graph neural networks,简称GNN)并不局限于解决人脸超分辨率问题,还可以用于处理其他具有不规则拓扑结构的数据,解决不同的问题.
中文关键词: 人脸图像  超分辨率    神经网络  回归
Abstract:Facial image super-resolution (SR) generates a high-resolution (HR) facial image from a low-resolution (LR) facial image. Compared with natural images, facial images are so highly structured that local patches at similar locations across different faces share similar textures. In this paper, a novel graph-based neural network (GNN) regression is proposed to leverage this local structural information for facial image SR. Firstly, the grid representation of an input face image is converted into its corresponding graph representation, and then a shallow neural network is trained for each vertex in the graph in order to regress the SR image. Compared with its grid-based counterpart, the graph representation combines both coordinate affinity and textural similarity. Additionally, the NN weights of a vertex are initialized with those converged ones from its neighbors, resulting fast convergence for training and accurate regression. Experimental comparison with the state-of-the-art SR algorithms including those based on deep convolutional neural networks (DCNN) on two benchmark face sets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method in terms of both qualitative inspections and quantitative metrics. The proposed GNN is not only able to deal with facial SR, but also has the potential to apply to data examples with any irregular topology structure.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61572096,61432003) 国家自然科学基金(61572096,61432003)
Foundation items:National Natural Science Foundation of China (61572096, 61432003)
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HUYAN Kang,FAN Xin,YU Le-Tian,LUO Zhong-Xuan.Graph Based Neural Network Regression Strategy for Facial Image Super-Resolution.Journal of Software,2018,29(4):914-925