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Journal of Software:2016.27(4):933-942

软件形式化开发关键部件选取的水波优化方法
郑宇军,张蓓,薛锦云
(浙江工业大学 计算机科学与技术学院, 浙江 杭州 310023;江西省高性能计算重点实验室(江西师范大学), 江西 南昌 330027)
Selection of Key Software Components for Formal Development Using Water Wave Optimization
ZHENG Yu-Jun,ZHANG Bei,XUE Jin-Yun
(College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China;Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of High Performance Computing(Jiangxi Normal University), Nanchang 330027, China)
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Received:June 24, 2015    Revised:October 15, 2015
> 中文摘要: 形式化方法有助于从根本上提高软件系统的质量与可靠性,但其开发成本往往过于高昂.一种折衷的办法是在软件系统中选取关键性部件进行形式化开发,但目前尚无非常有效的定量选择方法.将软件系统中的形式化开发关键部件选取建模为一个0-1约束规划问题,以便使用元启发式搜索方法对其进行优化求解.另外,针对该问题专门设计了一种离散水波优化(water wave optimization,简称WWO)算法.在一个大型软件系统上的应用验证了问题模型的有效性,同时证明了WWO算法相对于其他若干典型元启发式搜索方法的优越性.
Abstract:Formal methods contribute to the fundamental improvement of software quality and reliability, but this methodology is often very expensive. A compromise is to select and apply formal methods to only a subset of key components of the software system. However, currently there are few effective approaches for such selection process. This paper proposes a 0-1 constrained programming model for selecting key components for formal development, which enables the use of metaheuristic search methods to effectively solve the selection problem. The paper also designs a discrete water wave optimization(WWO) algorithm for the problem. The application to a large-scale software system validates the effectiveness of the proposed problem model, and demonstrates that the WWO algorithm outperforms some other typical metaheuristic search methods.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61020106009,61105073,61272075,61473263) 国家自然科学基金(61020106009,61105073,61272075,61473263)
Foundation items:National Natural Science Foundation of China (61020106009, 61105073, 61272075, 61473263)
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郑宇军,张蓓,薛锦云.软件形式化开发关键部件选取的水波优化方法.软件学报,2016,27(4):933-942

ZHENG Yu-Jun,ZHANG Bei,XUE Jin-Yun.Selection of Key Software Components for Formal Development Using Water Wave Optimization.Journal of Software,2016,27(4):933-942