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Journal of Software:2012.23(4):776-785

基于词语距离的网络图词义消歧
杨陟卓,黄河燕
(北京市海量语言信息处理与云计算应用工程技术研究中心(北京理工大学), 北京 100081; 北京理工大学 计算机学院, 北京 100081)
Graph Based Word Sense Disambiguation Method Using Distance Between Words
YANG Zhi-Zhuo,HUANG He-Yan
(Beijing Engineering Applications Research Center of High Volume Language Information Processing and Cloud Computing (Beijing Institute of Technology), Beijing 100081, China; School of Computer Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beiji)
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Received:March 18, 2011    Revised:September 02, 2011
> 中文摘要: 传统的基于知识库的词义消歧方法,以一定窗口大小下的词语作为背景,对歧义词词义进行推断.该窗口大小下的所有词语无论距离远近,都对歧义词的词义具有相同的影响,使词义消歧效果不佳.针对此问题,提出了一种基于词语距离的网络图词义消歧模型.该模型在传统的网络图词义消歧模型的基础上,充分考虑了词语距离对消歧效果的影响.通过模型重构、优化改进、参数估计以及评测比较,论证了该模型的特点:距离歧义词较近的词语,会对其词义有较强的推荐作用;而距离较远的词,会对其词义有较弱的推荐作用.实验结果表明,该模型可以有效提高中文词义消歧性能,与SemEval-2007:task #5 最好的成绩相比,该方法在MacroAve(macro-average accuracy)上提高了3.1%.
Abstract:Almost all existing knowledge-based word sense disambiguation (WSD) methods used exploit context information contain, in certain window size around ambiguous word, are ineffective because all words in the window size have the same impact on determining the sense of ambiguous word. In order to solve the problem, this paper proposes a novel WSD model based on distance between words, which is built on the basics of traditional graph WSD model and can make full use of distance information. Through model reconstruction, optimization, parameter estimation and evaluation of comparison, the study demonstrates the feature of the new model: The words nearby ambiguous word will have more impact to the final sense of ambiguous word while the words far away from it will have less. Experimental results show that the proposed model can improve Chinese WSD performance, compared with the best evaluation results of SemEval-2007: task #5, this model gets MacroAve (macro-average accuracy) increase 3.1%.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61132009); 国防基础基金; 北京理工大学科技创新计划重大项目培育专项计划 国家自然科学基金(61132009); 国防基础基金; 北京理工大学科技创新计划重大项目培育专项计划
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杨陟卓,黄河燕.基于词语距离的网络图词义消歧.软件学报,2012,23(4):776-785

YANG Zhi-Zhuo,HUANG He-Yan.Graph Based Word Sense Disambiguation Method Using Distance Between Words.Journal of Software,2012,23(4):776-785