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Journal of Software:2012.23(3):700-711

代码混淆算法有效性评估
赵玉洁,汤战勇,王妮,房鼎益,顾元祥
(西北大学 信息科学与技术学院,陕西 西安 710127; 西北大学-爱迪德信息安全联合实验室,陕西 西安 710127;西北大学-爱迪德信息安全联合实验室,陕西 西安 710127; 爱迪德技术(北京)有限公司,北京 100125)
Evaluation of Code Obfuscating Transformation
ZHAO Yu-Jie,TANG Zhan-Yong,WANG Ni,FANG Ding-Yi,GU Yuan-Xiang
(School of Information Science and Technology, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China; NWU-Irdeto Network-Information Security Joint Laboratory (NISL), Xi’an 710127, China;NWU-Irdeto Network-Information Security Joint Laboratory (NISL), Xi’an 710127, China; Irdeto Access Technology (Beijing) Co. Ltd., Beijing 100125, China)
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Received:September 09, 2010    Revised:January 21, 2011
> 中文摘要: 代码混淆是一种能够有效增加攻击者逆向分析和攻击代价的软件保护技术.然而,混淆算法的有效性评价和验证是代码混淆研究中亟待解决的重要问题.目前,对代码混淆有效性的研究大都是基于软件复杂性度量的,然而代码混淆作为一种保护软件安全的技术,更需要从逆向攻击的角度进行评估.将面向逆向工程的思想引入到代码混淆算法评估中,通过理论证明和具体实验验证了其可行性.该评估方法能够为混淆算法提供有效证明,并对判别和选择代码混淆算法具有指导意义,同时也有助于寻求更有效的代码混淆方法.
Abstract:Code obfuscation is currently one of the most viable methods for preventing reverse engineering attacks. Many kinds of code obfuscation transforms are widely used in software protection. However, there are still no sufficient theories to evaluate the effectiveness of obfuscation transform. In fact, few measurements are available that provide information about the capability of obfuscation to reduce attackers’ efficiency, and few existing theories, which draws upon complexity metrics from software engineering, are convincing. This paper uses a different way to evaluate the difficulty that attackers have in understanding and modifying obfuscated software through static analysis, dynamic debugging of reverse engineering, and then to abstract some metrics to quantify to what extent that code obfuscation is able to make attacks more difficult to be performed.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(61070176, 61170218); 陕西省教育厅产业化示范项目(2010JC24); 西安市科技计划项目 (CXY1011); 西北大学-爱迪德信息安全联合实验室项目(NISL-2009TR01); 西北大学研究生自主创新资助项目(10YZZ16) 国家自然科学基金(61070176, 61170218); 陕西省教育厅产业化示范项目(2010JC24); 西安市科技计划项目 (CXY1011); 西北大学-爱迪德信息安全联合实验室项目(NISL-2009TR01); 西北大学研究生自主创新资助项目(10YZZ16)
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赵玉洁,汤战勇,王妮,房鼎益,顾元祥.代码混淆算法有效性评估.软件学报,2012,23(3):700-711

ZHAO Yu-Jie,TANG Zhan-Yong,WANG Ni,FANG Ding-Yi,GU Yuan-Xiang.Evaluation of Code Obfuscating Transformation.Journal of Software,2012,23(3):700-711