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Journal of Software:2011.22(11):2577-2592

基于编档的体系结构视图冲突检测方法
朱文辉,黄罡,孙艳春,梅宏
(北京大学 信息科学技术学院 软件研究所,北京 100871;高可信软件技术教育部重点实验室(北京大学),北京 100871)
Documentation-Based Approach to Reveal Architectural View Conflicts
ZHU Wen-Hui,HUANG Gang,SUN Yan-Chun,MEI Hong
(Institute of Software, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;Key Laboratory of High Confidence Software Technologies (Peking University), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100871, China)
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Received:March 31, 2010    Revised:July 28, 2010
> 中文摘要: 软件体系结构由不同的视图组成,每个视图包含不同的体系结构关注点.在软件工程领域中,如何对这些视图进行比对和合并是一项非常重要的研究工作.然而,目前视图比对的主要研究都着眼于视图元素之间的比对,因而并不能有效地发现视图之间的隐含冲突.主要原因是由于不同视图背后隐含着不同的关注点,而关注点之间的冲突并不能显式地在视图中表现出来,因此仅作视图元素比对不能发现这种隐含冲突.针对该问题,提出了一种基于编档的体系结构视图隐含冲突检测方法.在该方法中,通过对设计方法进行建模来捕获体系结构关注点和视图之间的关联关系;以软件体系结构文档作为通用平台,通过4 个连续的活动来检测关注点之间的隐含关系;为了支持方法的自动化,就其中出现的关系给出了一套数学定义.
Abstract:Software architecture is represented by different views that are derived from architectural concerns. However, when different design methods are applied to generate different views, implicit conflicts might happen between views, due to neglecting the concern conflicts behind each view. To solve this problem, this study uses the software architecture documentation as a common communication platform and derives the implicit conflicts between different views through a procedure of four activities. In this approach, a guideline is suggested to model the relationship between the concerns and views and a set of mathematical representation that is defined for precisely presenting the relations in order to support the automation of the approach.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(60821003); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2009CB320703) 国家自然科学基金(60821003); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2009CB320703)
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朱文辉,黄罡,孙艳春,梅宏.基于编档的体系结构视图冲突检测方法.软件学报,2011,22(11):2577-2592

ZHU Wen-Hui,HUANG Gang,SUN Yan-Chun,MEI Hong.Documentation-Based Approach to Reveal Architectural View Conflicts.Journal of Software,2011,22(11):2577-2592