Journal of Software:2011.22(10):2385-2400

(中国科学院 计算技术研究所 网络技术研究中心, 北京 100190;中国科学院 计算技术研究所 网络技术研究中心, 北京 100190;中国科学院 研究生院, 北京 100190;重庆金美通信有限责任公司, 重庆 400030)
Fault-Tolerant Approach Based on Pool for MAG in PMIPv6
ZHANG Han-Wen,XU Zhi-Jun,ZHANG Yu-Jun,LI Zhong-Cheng,ZHOU Ji-Hua
(Institute of Computing Technology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;Institute of Computing Technology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;Graduate University, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;Chongqing Jinmei Communications Co. Ltd, Chongqing 400030, China)
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Received:October 15, 2009    
> 中文摘要: 代理移动IPv6(PMIPv6)是IETF 提出的基于网络的区域移动管理协议,依赖于区域移动锚点(localmobility anchor,简称LMA)和移动接入网关(mobile access gateway,简称MAG)两类移动管理实体实现系统功能.针对PMIPv6 网络中的MAG可靠性问题,提出一种基于池的移动接入网关容错方案(MAG fault-tolerant method basedon pool,简称MAGFT).方案引入MAG 池解决PMIPv6系中MAG 服务不可替代问题,实现对移动节点(mobilenode,简称MN)透明的MAG容错.针对PMIPv6系统所部署下层网络的不同,MAGFT 分别采用无重叠区部署和有重叠区部署两种模式在PMIPv6 域内构建多个MAG 池,使得域内各MAG 至少归属于一个池.当某MAG 失效时,它所在池内的某一有效MAG将快速接管其服务.理论分析和仿真实验结果表明,MAGFT可将容错时间控制在35ms~340ms.当容错时间在120ms 以下时,MAGFT 可完全避免MAG 失效对MN的TCP应用造成的影响;最差情况下,对分别处于WLAN、3G和卫星网络中的MN而言,MAGFT也可在MAG 失效发生后的1.1s,1.6s 或2.8s内恢复其TCP 应用吞吐量.对于UD 应用,MAGFT可在MAG失效发生后2s 内将MN 的收包率恢复至其稳定值.同时,方案引入的容错开销小,当系统处于较饱和的稳定服务状态时,容错信令开销相比系统基本信令是可忽略的.MAGFT 的引入对MN 接入延时略有增加,但增值控制在10ms以下.
Abstract:Proxy Mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6) is the network-based localized mobility management protocol proposed by IETF. The local mobility anchor (LMA) and the mobile access gateway (MAG) are the key entities realizing the system function of PMIPv6. To solve the reliability problem of PMIPv6 MAG, this paper proposes an MAG faulttolerant method based on pool (MAGFT). MAGFT introduces MAG pool to realize MAG fault-tolerant. Several MAG pools are constructed in an PMIPv6 domain, and each MAG belongs to at least one of the pools. When an MAG fails, a given MAG in the same pool will take over. The results of theoretical analysis and simulation show that the fault-tolerant latency of MAGFT can be restricted within 35ms~340ms. When the fault-tolerant latency is lower than 120ms, MAGFT can avoid the influence of MAG failure on MNs’ up-layer TCP applications. In the worst condition, MAGFT can resume an MN’s TCP throughput within 1.1s, 1.6s, and 2.8s respectively when the MN resides in WLAN, 3G or satellite network. For the upper applications based on UPD, MAGFT can resume MNs’ packet rate within 2s after the occurrence of an MAG failure. At the same time, MAGFT introduces low signaling cost, which can be neglected when compared with the PMIPv6 signaling. MN’s access delay introduced by MAGFT is no more than 10ms.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(60803139, 61100177); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2007CB310702); 国家科技支撑计划(2008BAH37B02) 国家自然科学基金(60803139, 61100177); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2007CB310702); 国家科技支撑计划(2008BAH37B02)
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ZHANG Han-Wen,XU Zhi-Jun,ZHANG Yu-Jun,LI Zhong-Cheng,ZHOU Ji-Hua.Fault-Tolerant Approach Based on Pool for MAG in PMIPv6.Journal of Software,2011,22(10):2385-2400