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Journal of Software:2011.22(10):2263-2278

并发计算重复问题与控制方法
何倩,孟祥武,陈俊亮,沈筱彦
(北京邮电大学 网络与交换技术国家重点实验室, 北京 100876)
Concurrent Redundancy Problem and Control Methods
HE Qian,MENG Xiang-Wu,CHEN Jun-Liang,SHEN Xiao-Yan
(State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China)
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Received:December 23, 2009    Revised:March 05, 2010
> 中文摘要: 数据竞争问题是并发程序开发与测试难题,发现数据竞争可能导致计算重复,重复会导致系统性能下降.从实例出发定义了并发计算重复问题(concurrent computation redundancy problem,简称CCRP),给出了相关性能指标和判断方法,设计了通用并发重复控制机制.并发程序一般都可以基于生产者-消费者模型进行CCRP 分析.以带数据源的生产者-消费者为例详细分析了CCRP,给出了单条件、条件交叉两种重复控制算法,算法具有不同的适用范围,都可以作为固定模式来解决CCRP,基于Petri 网作了相关性质的证明与仿真.并发程序实验结果说明了并发重复控制的必要性和有效性,比较了两种算法的差异.该研究对于数据竞争检测、并发程序设计具有参考价值.关键词: 并发控制;Petri 网;数据竞争;并发计算重复;并发重复控制
Abstract:Data race is a difficult problem for the development and testing of the concurrent program. Research has found that data race may cause duplicate computing which may decrease a system’s performance. First, the concurrent computation redundancy problem (CCRP) is defined. The related performance index and judging methods are given, and the general concurrent redundancy control mechanism is designed. When CCRP is studied,the parallel program generally be analyzed based on a producer-consumer model. In the case of the producerconsumer model with data source, CCRP is analyzed in detail. The single condition and cross condition redundancycontrol algorithms have different application scopes and can be used as fixed patterns to solve CCRP. Relativeproperty proofs and simulations are given based on Petri net. The concurrent program experiments show that theconcurrent redundancy control is necessary and efficient. Two control algorithms are compared in the experiments.The research has reference value for data race detection and concurrent programming.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金(60432010, 60872051); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2007CB307103); 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAH02A11) 国家自然科学基金(60432010, 60872051); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)(2007CB307103); 国家科技支撑计划(2006BAH02A11)
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何倩,孟祥武,陈俊亮,沈筱彦.并发计算重复问题与控制方法.软件学报,2011,22(10):2263-2278

HE Qian,MENG Xiang-Wu,CHEN Jun-Liang,SHEN Xiao-Yan.Concurrent Redundancy Problem and Control Methods.Journal of Software,2011,22(10):2263-2278