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DOI:
Journal of Software:2010.21(4):750-770

支持QoS的IEEE 802.11 EDCA性能研究
毛建兵,毛玉明,冷甦鹏,白翔
(电子科技大学 通信抗干扰技术国家级重点实验室,四川 成都 610054)
Research of the QoS-Supporting IEEE 802.11 EDCA Performance
MAO Jian-Bing,MAO Yu-Ming,LENG Su-Peng,BAI Xiang
()
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Received:June 06, 2008    Revised:October 09, 2008
> 中文摘要: 随着无线网络应用的不断发展,为了适应网络中不同类型业务的区分服务需要,IEEE 802.11工作组在IEEE 802.11 DCF(distributed coordination function)的基础上推出了支持QoS的IEEE 802.11 EDCA协议.针对EDCA(enhanced distributed channel access)协议的优先级区分信道接入特性,提出了一种基于Markov链的协议性能模型分析方法.与已有文献不同,该模型分析同时包含了EDCA主要的3个关键区分信道接入机制:Wmin/Wmax,AIFS(arbitration inter-frame space),TXOP(transmission opportunity).通过模型分析,获得了EDCA协议各优先级接入的传输吞吐量、信道接入延迟、数据丢失率等性能分析.不仅分析了饱和情形下的EDCA性能,而且还对非饱和情形下的EDCA性能进行了分析.仿真验证结果表明,模型分析结果和仿真结果取得了很好的一致性.利用给出的模型分析方法,提出了一种基于TXOP动态调整的D-TXOP(dynamic TXOP)接纳控制算法.算法根据网络中业务流的QoS要求,在动态调整各优先级的TXOP参数设置的基础上,对网络中新到业务流进行接纳控制,达到提高网络的业务承载能力的目的.
Abstract:With the rapid development of wireless applications, the IEEE 802.11 task group proposed the QoS- supporting enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) MAC mechanism, which is based on the legacy IEEE 802.11 DCF, to provide service differentiation for different types of traffic flows in the networks. This paper proposes a novel Markov chain-based analytical model for the IEEE 802.11 EDCA. Unlike the existing analytical models for the EDCA, the proposed model incorporates all the three major features of the EDCA, i.e., Wmin/Wmax, AIFS (arbitration inter-frame space), and TXOP (transmission opportunity). With this model, the paper presents the performance evaluations of the EDCA analytically, including each priority’s transmission throughput, media access delay, packet loss rate, etc. It dose not only analyze the saturated EDCA operation case, but also analyze the non-saturated EDCA operation case. Simulation results confirm the accuracy of the model analysis. Based on the model analysis, this paper proposes an admission control scheme D-TXOP (dynamic TXOP). While making admission decision, the scheme adjusts different priorities’ TXOP parameter settings adaptively according to their QoS requirements, which greatly enhances the network capacity.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.60802024 (国家自然科学基金); the National High-Tech Research and Development Plan of China under Grant Nos.2005AA123820, 2005AA121122 (国家高技术研究发展计划(863)) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.60802024 (国家自然科学基金); the National High-Tech Research and Development Plan of China under Grant Nos.2005AA123820, 2005AA121122 (国家高技术研究发展计划(863))
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毛建兵,毛玉明,冷甦鹏,白翔.支持QoS的IEEE 802.11 EDCA性能研究.软件学报,2010,21(4):750-770

MAO Jian-Bing,MAO Yu-Ming,LENG Su-Peng,BAI Xiang.Research of the QoS-Supporting IEEE 802.11 EDCA Performance.Journal of Software,2010,21(4):750-770