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DOI:
Journal of Software:2009.20(3):744-753

一种基于补偿代价的长事务调度算法
朱锐,郭长国,王怀民
(国防科学技术大学 计算机学院,湖南 长沙 410073;国防科学技术大学 计算机学院,湖南 长沙 410073;国防科学技术大学 并行与分布处理国家重点实验室,湖南 长沙 410073)
A Scheduling Algorithm for Long Duration Transaction Based on Cost of Compensation
ZHU Rui,GUO Chang-Guo,WANG Huai-Min
()
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Received:February 21, 2008    Revised:October 07, 2008
> 中文摘要: 服务组合应用中的事务具有较长的生命周期,一个事务被划分成多个分布的子事务.补偿机制是保证长事务原子性的一种有效方法,允许在语义上逆转一个已提交子事务的结果.然而,补偿的代价可能是巨大的.针对该问题,在分析并定义事务补偿代价的基础上,提出一种子事务延迟提交算法――STCD(subtransactions committingdelay)算法,与传统子事务执行后立即提交的方法相比,STCD 算法允许某个全局事务的子事务在提交前根据自身的补偿代价和全局事务的运行状态动态确定提交时间,使可能的补偿操作变更为回滚操作.算法的正确性得以证明.模拟实验结果表明,在事务失败时,STCD 算法可以有效地减少补偿活动的数目,降低补偿代价.
Abstract:Transaction of service composition has long-lived feature which a global-transaction is divided into several distributed sub-transactions. Atomicity property is preserved by using compensating transactions, whichsemantically undo the effects of the completed sub-transactions, in case of global-transaction abort. However, thecost of compensation may be expensive and methods may be complex. To overcome this limitation, a novelscheduling algorithm named STCD (SubTransaction committing delay) is presented based on analysis ofcompensation. Different from traditional methods, sub-transactions determine the time of committing according toboth the cost of compensation and the state of execution dynamically. The correctness of proposed algorithm isproved. Simulations show that STCD algorithm can confine the compensation sphere and reduce the cost ofcompensation.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China under Grant No.60625203 (国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金); the National Basic Research Program of China under Grant Nos.2005CB321800, 2005CB321804 (国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars of China under Grant No.60625203 (国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金); the National Basic Research Program of China under Grant Nos.2005CB321800, 2005CB321804 (国家重点基础研究发展计划(973))
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朱锐,郭长国,王怀民.一种基于补偿代价的长事务调度算法.软件学报,2009,20(3):744-753

ZHU Rui,GUO Chang-Guo,WANG Huai-Min.A Scheduling Algorithm for Long Duration Transaction Based on Cost of Compensation.Journal of Software,2009,20(3):744-753