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DOI:
:2008.19(3):533-544

一种基于组织实体能力的软件过程建模方法
肖俊超,王青,李明树,张镭,刘大鹏
(中国科学院 软件研究所 互联网软件技术实验室,北京 100080; 中国科学院 研究生院,北京 100049;中国科学院 软件研究所 互联网软件技术实验室,北京 100080; 中国科学院 软件研究所 计算机科学重点实验室,北京 100080)
An Organization-Entity Capability Based Software Process Modeling Method
XIAO Jun-Chao,WANG Qing,LI Ming-Shu,ZHANG Lei,LIU Da-Peng
()
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Received:March 31, 2006    Revised:November 13, 2006
> 中文摘要: 提出了一种基于组织实体能力的软件过程建模方法(organizational entity capabilities based software process modeling method,简称OEC-SPM),针对软件过程的特殊性,将具有确定能力的组织实体定义为建模过程中的核心要素和基本单元——过程Agent(过程主体).过程Agent根据其自身的目标、知识、经验和能力,在确定的项目目标和约束环境下,通过主动和自治的行为推理,生成具体的软件开发过程和生产过程,为软件项目开发提供正确的决策和有效的支持.该方法由于在建立软件过程时充分考虑过程执行者完成目标的能力,使建立的过程具有良好的可预见性,具备过程稳定执行的前提,因此从根本上解决了软件过程不稳定、难以控制等问题.
中文关键词: 过程Agent  组织实体  能力  过程建模
Abstract:This paper presents an organizational entity capabilities based software process modeling method (OEC-SPM), aiming at the particularities of software process, it defined the organizational entity with certain capabilities as the core element and the basic unit in the modeling process—process-agent. Process-Agents produce concrete software development processes and production processes according to the goals, the knowledge, the experiences and the capabilities under the defined project goals and constraint environment, through the proactive as well as autonomous reasoning on behaviors to provide effective supports and proper decisions to software project development. The method, owing to its full consideration on capabilities of process executors accomplishing goals when the software processe is being constructed, makes the established processes have good predictability and satisfy the premises for processes' stable executions, resolving the problems of instability and uncontrollability of the software process radically.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natuml Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.60473060,60573082(国家自然科学基金);the National High-Tech Research and Development Plan of China under Grant No.2006AA01Z185(国家高技术研究发展计划(863)) Supported by the National Natuml Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.60473060,60573082(国家自然科学基金);the National High-Tech Research and Development Plan of China under Grant No.2006AA01Z185(国家高技术研究发展计划(863))
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肖俊超,王 青,李明树,张 镭,刘大鹏.一种基于组织实体能力的软件过程建模方法.软件学报,2008,19(3):533-544

XIAO Jun-Chao,WANG Qing,LI Ming-Shu,ZHANG Lei,LIU Da-Peng.An Organization-Entity Capability Based Software Process Modeling Method.Journal of Software,2008,19(3):533-544