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DOI:
Journal of Software:2006.17(zk):161-168

遗传算法在建筑概念设计中的应用
刘弘,李焱
(山东师范大学 信息科学与工程学院,山东 济南 250014)
Application of Genetic Algorithm in Architectural Conceptual Design
LIU Hong,LI Yan
()
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Received:April 15, 2006    Revised:September 11, 2006
> 中文摘要: 介绍了一种可以应用于建筑概念设计的遗传算法.该算法采用基于数学表示二叉树结构的编码方法,以及相应的交叉、变异操作,目标函数及人机交互相结合的适应度值确定方法,生成简单的曲线.选定的曲线经过三维可视化处理形成实体.这些生成的三维实体与人工设计的构件一起被分类,然后统一保存到构件库中.通过采用二进制编码的遗传算法,生成组合方案,组合构件库的构件,形成比较复杂的外观造型.以一个建筑外观设计为例,介绍了算法的执行过程.
Abstract:A genetic algorithm for supporting architectural conceptual design is presented in this paper. The algorithm adopts mathematical expression binary tree based coded approach, corresponding crossover and mutation operations, and the combination of objective function and interaction with designers for getting fitness values to generate simple curves. The selected shapes are dealt with via 3D visualizing technology to form entities. These generative 3D entities are put together with components designed by designers, then are classified and saved in a component database. The complex configuration design is implemented via combination of different components that come from component base while the combinational scheme is formed by binary coded genera tic algorithm. The process of algorithm is illustrated by an architectural design example.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.69975010, 60374054 (国家自然科学基金); the Research Fellow Matching Fund Scheme of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University under Grant No.G.YY.35 (香港理工大学研究员基金项目); the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China under Grant Nos.Y2003G01, Z2004G02 (山东省自然科学基金) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.69975010, 60374054 (国家自然科学基金); the Research Fellow Matching Fund Scheme of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University under Grant No.G.YY.35 (香港理工大学研究员基金项目); the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China under Grant Nos.Y2003G01, Z2004G02 (山东省自然科学基金)
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刘 弘,李 焱.遗传算法在建筑概念设计中的应用.软件学报,2006,17(zk):161-168

LIU Hong,LI Yan.Application of Genetic Algorithm in Architectural Conceptual Design.Journal of Software,2006,17(zk):161-168