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DOI:
Journal of Software:2006.17(4):691-702

以交互为中心的Post-WIMP界面模型
秦严严,田丰,王晓春,戴国忠
(中国科学院,软件研究所,人机交互技术与智能信息处理实验室,北京,100080)
An Interaction-Centered Hierarchical Post-WIMP User Interface Model
QIN Yan-Yan,TIAN Feng,WANG Xiao-Chun,DAI Guo-Zhong
()
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Received:September 14, 2005    Revised:October 02, 2005
> 中文摘要: 随着硬件设备和软件技术的发展,国内外开展了大量基于Post-WIMP界面的新型交互技术的研究.面对多种交互设备以及使用环境,在界面设计的过程中,根据上下文选择适当的交互组件或技术,并有效地进行组合与评估,成为构造Post-WIMP界面的关键问题.将界面设计与应用语义分离,使设计者能够灵活地置换各种交互技术.通过对Post-WIMP界面交互过程与界面设计层次的分析,建立起以交互为中心的分层Post-WIMP界面模型,将交互的各个层次进行分离.在模型的基础上,描述一个了Post-WIMP界面生成工具.借助该工具,设计者能够在设计过程中方便地引入新的交互技术,并能在最终的软件系统中加以灵活应用,从而可以快速、有效地进行界面原型实现和迭代评估.应用实例表明,Post-WIMP模型的建立以及生成工具的实现,有利于设计者确定设计方案及对方案的整体评估.
Abstract:Following the great improvement in interaction devices and software technologies, lots of novel interaction technologies which are based on Post-WIMP user interface are studied. It is crucial that the designer chooses the interaction component or the interaction technology properly and efficiently to adapt to the various interaction devices and environments in the user interface designing. According to the analysis of the interaction process and the design level of the Post-WIMP user interface, an interaction-Centered Hierarchical Post-WIMP User Interface Model is presented. It is described and analyzed from the aspects of the user, task, device, behaviors and entity in interaction. Moreover, a Post-WIMP user interface auto-generate tool is designed and implemented based on the model, to help the designers to insert those novel interaction technologies into the system flexibly, and to develop and evaluate the prototype quickly and efficiently. Experiments show that, the model can guide the process of user interface design, the implement of prototype, and the evaluation of the result of design.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.60503054 (国家自然科学基金); the National Grand Fundamental Research 973 Program of China under Grant No.2002CB312103 (国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)); the Key Innovation Project from Institute of Software "Research on Pen-Based Interactive System and Its Applications in Personal Office Environment", the Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院软件研究所创新基金重大项目) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.60503054 (国家自然科学基金); the National Grand Fundamental Research 973 Program of China under Grant No.2002CB312103 (国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)); the Key Innovation Project from Institute of Software "Research on Pen-Based Interactive System and Its Applications in Personal Office Environment", the Chinese Academy of Sciences (中国科学院软件研究所创新基金重大项目)
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秦严严,田丰,王晓春,戴国忠.以交互为中心的Post-WIMP界面模型.软件学报,2006,17(4):691-702

QIN Yan-Yan,TIAN Feng,WANG Xiao-Chun,DAI Guo-Zhong.An Interaction-Centered Hierarchical Post-WIMP User Interface Model.Journal of Software,2006,17(4):691-702