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DOI:
Journal of Software:2005.16(7):1323-1332

基于小波域HMM模型的稳健多比特图像水印算法
张荣跃,倪江群,黄继武
(中山大学,电子与通信工程系,广东,广州,510275)
A Robust Multi-Bits Image Watermarking Algorithm Based on HMM in Wavelet Domain
ZHANG Rong-Yue,NI Jiang-Qun,HUANG Ji-Wu
()
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Received:September 20, 2004    Revised:January 07, 2005
> 中文摘要: 稳健性是多比特图像水印的关键问题之一,提出了一种基于小波域隐马尔可夫模型(hidden Markov model,简称HMM)的多比特图像水印算法,该算法的主要特点为:(1) 利用向量HMM模型精确描述图像小波系数间的统计特性,基于此统计模型的水印盲检测系统较之传统的相关检测器,在性能上有显著的提升;(2) 结合视觉掩盖特性,自适应地调整水印嵌入强度,使之在一定的嵌入强度下,视觉主观失真较小;(3) 提出了一种适合隐马尔可夫模型树型结构的多比特数据优化嵌入策略和最大似然检测.数值仿真结果表明,该算法可以较好地利用图像小波域的低频子带以实现较大容量图像水印的嵌入,并在抵抗Stirmark平台攻击,如JPEG压缩、加噪、中值滤波和线性滤波等方面具有很强的稳健性.
中文关键词: 多比特水印  HMM模型  小波  稳健性  盲检测
Abstract:Robustness is an important issue in the development of multi-bits watermarking algorithm. A new algorithm for robust multi-bits image watermarking based on Hidden Markov Model (HMM) in wavelet domain is proposed. The algorithm is characterized as follows: (1) the proposed blind detector based on vector HMM, which is employed to describe the statistics of wavelet coefficients, achieves significant improvements in performance compared to the conventional correlation detector; (2) an adaptive watermark embedding scheme is applied to achieve the low distortion according to the human visual system; (3) an optimal multi-bit watermark embedding strategy and a maximum-likelihood detection for tree structure of vector HMM are proposed through system robustness analysis. Simulation results show that relatively high capacity for watermark embedding in low frequency subbands of wavelet domain is achieved with the proposed algorithm, and high robust results are observed against Stirmark attacks, such as JPEG compress, adding noise, median cut and filter.
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基金项目:Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.60133020, 60325208 (国家自然科学基金), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province of China under Grant No.04205407 (广东省自然科学基金) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.60133020, 60325208 (国家自然科学基金), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province of China under Grant No.04205407 (广东省自然科学基金)
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张荣跃,倪江群,黄继武.基于小波域HMM模型的稳健多比特图像水印算法.软件学报,2005,16(7):1323-1332

ZHANG Rong-Yue,NI Jiang-Qun,HUANG Ji-Wu.A Robust Multi-Bits Image Watermarking Algorithm Based on HMM in Wavelet Domain.Journal of Software,2005,16(7):1323-1332