Journal of Software:2001.12(4):563-569

(哈尔滨工业大学计算机科学与工程系,黑龙江哈尔滨 150001)
An Effective Dynamic Load Balancing Method
LIU Zhen-ying,FANG Bin-xing,HU Ming-zeng,ZHANG Yi
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Received:July 29, 1999    Revised:July 29, 1999
> 中文摘要: 动态负载平衡问题是影响工作站网络并行计算性能的重要因素.首先分析出在负载平衡中产生额外开销的根本原因是负载的移动,进而定性地给出了每次移动负载的粒度公式.引入益处估计的方法,仅在有益的情况下进行负载平衡.另外还提出了一个动态负载平衡算法.最后,通过实验,将该算法的运行结果与其他人的负载平衡结果以及不作负载平衡的情况进行了对比.此负载平衡方法在工作站为空载以及不同的负载和应用问题的数据规模的情况下,都优于Siegell等人提出的方法.
Abstract:Dynamic load balancing is an important factor to determine the performance of a NOWs (network of workstations). First, it is analyzed that the load movement is the reason for overhead. Furthermore, a formula of data movement granularity is proposed. Besides, a method to evaluate the benefits of load balancing is presented in order to balance only when it is profitable. Meanwhile this paper puts forward a load balancing algorithm. Finally, the execution result of the proposed method is compared with that of others and that without dynamic load balancing by experiments. The load balancing method in this paper outperforms that of Siegell's in the cases of idle workloads, different workload and data scales of applications.
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基金项目:国防科技预研基金资助项目(16.1.3) 国防科技预研基金资助项目(16.1.3)
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LIU Zhen-ying,FANG Bin-xing,HU Ming-zeng,ZHANG Yi.An Effective Dynamic Load Balancing Method.Journal of Software,2001,12(4):563-569