国家自然科学基金(U1811263, 62072349); 国家重点研发计划(2020YFC1522602); 湖北省科技重大专项(2021BEE057)
随着信息技术与教育的深度融合, 蓬勃发展的在线教育已成为教育信息化进程的新常态, 并产生了海量的教育数据, 但也面临辍学率高、课程完成率低、监管不足等问题, 因此如何对海量教育数据进行挖掘和分析是解决这些问题的关键. 学习共同体是以学习者为核心要素的学习组织, 强调学习过程中学习者之间互动交流、资源共享以及协作学习等行为, 从而完成共同的学习任务或目标. 对在线教育环境中学习共同体的研究进行回顾、分析和展望. 首先, 介绍在线教育环境中学习共同体的背景与重要性. 其次, 介绍不同学科中学习共同体的定义. 然后, 总结同质、异质和混合3种类型学习共同体的构建方法. 接着, 从共享、协作和激励3个方面讨论学习共同体的管理机制. 最后, 探讨和展望学习共同体未来的研究方向.
Amid the in-depth integration of information technology and education, the booming online education has become the new normal of the education informatization process and has generated massive amounts of education data. However, online education also faces high dropout rates, low course completion rates, insufficient supervision, and other problems. How to mine and analyze the massive education data is the key to solving these problems. A learning community is a learning organization with learners as its core element, and it emphasizes the interactive communication, resource sharing, and collaborative learning among the learners in the learning process so that common learning tasks or goals can be completed. This study reviews, analyzes, and discusses the prospect of the research on learning communities in the online education environment. Firstly, the background and importance of learning communities in the online education environment are outlined. Secondly, the definitions of a learning community in different disciplines are presented. Thirdly, the construction methods for three types of learning communities, namely, homogeneous, heterogeneous, and hybrid learning communities, are summarized. Fourthly, the management mechanism for learning communities is discussed from the three aspects of sharing, collaboration, and incentive. Last but not least, directions for future research on learning communities are suggested.