Supported by the National Basic Research Program of China under Grant No.2009CB320503 (国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)); the National High-Tech Research and Development Plan of China under Grant No.2008AA01A325 (国家高技术研究发展计划(863))
The rapid development of Internet leads to an increase in system complexity and uncertainty. Traditional network management can not meet the requirement, and it shall evolve to fusion based Cyberspace Situational Awareness (CSA). Based on the analysis of function shortage and development requirement, this paper introduces CSA as well as its origin, conception, objective and characteristics. Firstly, a CSA research framework is proposed and the research history is investigated, based on which the main aspects and the existing issues of the research are analyzed. Meanwhile, assessment methods are divided into three categories: Mathematics model, knowledge reasoning and pattern recognition. Then, this paper discusses CSA from three aspects: Model, knowledge representation and assessment methods, and then goes into detail about main idea, assessment process, merits and shortcomings of novel methods. Many typical methods are compared. The current application research of CSA in the fields of security, transmission, survivable, system evaluation and so on is presented. Finally, this paper points the development directions of CSA and offers the conclusions from issue system, technical system and application system.